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US amenable to providing Nuclear power plants to Pakistan

March 22, 2010 Leave a comment

US amenable to providing Nuclear power plants to Pakistan

There seems to be sea change in US attitudes towards Islamabad. According to press releases, analyst reports, Islamabad’s demands, and positive signals from US officials, Pakistan will ask for Atomic energy, and the US Administration seems to be amenable to providing Civilian Nuclear Power plants to Pakistan.

Regional experts say Pakistan will be looking to Washington to recognize the threat it perceives from its eastern neighbor India, against whom it has fought and lost three wars. Pakistan is concerned that Indian economic and political involvement in Afghanistan could lead to unfriendly governments on both its eastern and western borders. Huffington Post. Pakistan to ask for more understanding at US talks. KATHY GANNON | March 19, 2010 10:43 AM EST |

  • Current US Administration accepts Pakistan as Nuclear state
  • US should do more: “We have already done too much … Pakistan has done its bit, we have delivered; now it’s your (the US) turn. Start delivering,” he said at a media briefing on the upcoming US-Pakistan strategic dialogue.Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi.
  • Pakistani security concerns: “One is to implicitly accept Pakistan’s status as a declared nuclear weapons state and thereby counter conspiracy theories that the United States is secretly plotting to seize Pakistani nukes,” The Washington Post.
  • Nuclear Power Plants for Pakistan: “We are beginning to have a discussion with the Pakistan government” on the country’s desire to tap nuclear energy. “We are going to have working level talks” Ambassador Patterson, the US envoy in Islamabad, Pakistan Link.
  • Civilian Nuclear Energy for Pakistan: “We have a very broad and complex agenda in these talks, and this is the first strategic dialogue ever at this level, and the first of this administration. And we’re going to listen carefully to whatever the Pakistanis say.” Richard Holbrooke.
  • Nuclear Deal: Civilian nuclear deal may be able to diminish Pakistani fears of US intentions while allowing Washington to leverage these gains for greater Pakistani cooperation on nuclear proliferation and terrorism”. C. Christine Fair, Assistant Professor at Georgetown University.
  • Growing Energy Demand: “Civilian nuclear technology will help Pakistan meet its growing energy demand… the [transfer of] drone technology will… [lead to] wider public acceptability [of strikes]“. President Zardari.
  • Reversing Anti-Americanism in Pakistan: Parity, Nuclear Plants

Empty promises will not work anymore. The US has to expeditiously deliver ROZ, FTA, nuke plants and Drone technology. This has to be resolved expeditiously. US Pakistani strategic partnership?–Here is a list

WASHINGTON: Pakistan’s request for nuclear power plants may come up for discussion during the US-Pakistan strategic dialogue, which begins in Washington on March 24.

The indications came from two senior US officials, ambassadors Richard Holbrooke and Anne W. Patterson.

Ambassador Patterson, the US envoy in Islamabad, told a Los Angeles-based Pakistani newspaper: “We are beginning to have a discussion with the Pakistan government” on the country’s desire to tap nuclear energy. “We are going to have working level talks” on the issue in Washington this month.

She told the Pakistan Link newspaper that earlier America’s “non-proliferation concerns were quite severe” but attitudes in Washington were changing. “I think we are beginning to pass those and this is a scenario that we are going to explore,” she added.

Mr Holbrooke, the US special representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, was less categorical but what he said at a briefing on Friday on the US-Pakistan strategic talks conveyed a similar message.

“While addressing Pakistan’s energy needs, are you considering helping them establish nuclear power plants to meet their energy needs?” he was asked.

A transcript released by the State Department on Saturday quoted Mr Holbrooke as saying: “We have a very broad and complex agenda in these talks, and this is the first strategic dialogue ever at this level, and the first of this administration. And we’re going to listen carefully to whatever the Pakistanis say.”

The response marks the first time a US official did not reject the Pakistani request outright. On all previous occasions, US officials insisted that their agreement for supplying nuclear power plants to India was exclusive to New Delhi and could not be offered to another country.

The Washington Post reported earlier this month that the Obama administration was taking several steps to address Pakistani security concerns. “One is to implicitly accept Pakistan’s status as a declared nuclear weapons state and thereby counter conspiracy theories that the United States is secretly plotting to seize Pakistani nukes,” the report said.

Last month, a US scholar wrote an article in the Wall Street Journal backing Pakistan’s demand that the US should negotiate a nuclear deal with Pakistan, as it did with India.

“More so than conventional weapons or large sums of cash, a conditions-based civilian nuclear deal may be able to diminish Pakistani fears of US intentions while allowing Washington to leverage these gains for greater Pakistani cooperation on nuclear proliferation and terrorism,” wrote C. Christine Fair, an assistant professor at Georgetown University.

In her interview to the Link, Ambassador Patterson said the US was acutely conscious of the precarious energy situation in Pakistan, of people “sweating in 120 degree” without electricity, and would play its due role in raising installed generating capacity and making up for the present shortfall. US companies will be persuaded to invest in the power sector in Pakistan. N-plants to figure in talks, says Patterson By Anwar Iqbal ,Sunday, 21 Mar, 2010

President Zardari has clearly informed the US Administration that if they want to reduce the trust deficit in Pakistan and reverse growing Anti-Americanism in the region–then President Obama has to accord Islamabad parity with Delhi and not hold back on critical technologies that Pakistan needs. The two areas identified are Nuclear and Drone Technology. Pakistan needs both of these in order to resolve the energy crisis and to deal with the terror groups that cross into Pakistan. Since the US is responsible for the spillover of the war into Pakistan, and because Pakistan has been a front line state, first against the USSR, and now against terror–it is Pakistan’s right to demand reparations for the losses incurred.

Pakistan to US: Act as good as you talk

March 19, 2010 Leave a comment

PressTv

Pakistan urges the United States to match its words with action, amid Washington’s continued claims of alliance with Islamabad.

“My message to the US is that the time has come to walk the talk,” said Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi in a news conference in Islamabad on Thursday, AFP reported.

“We need to build comfort on all sides,” he added, suggesting that the bilateral ties suffered from a confidence deficit.

“We expect the US to understand our concerns both in the realm of security and economic development.”

Under the guise of reinforcing the Pakistani security, the Pentagon, in cooperation with the US Central Intelligence Agency, have been launching missile attacks on the Pakistani soil.

Over the recent years, the assaults have reportedly killed hundreds of Pakistani civilians besides inflicting material damage.

The White House has, meanwhile, been insisting to control the way its financial aid to Islamabad is channeled.

Amazing Pakistan: A Picture Hidden From The World

September 15, 2009 18 comments

In the recent times due to rendezvous between political forces and media, an ugliest picture about my country has been portrayed in front of the world, a picture that holds no color or I am not wrong to say “It’s all black just black”. I’m struggling to unveil the true picture that hold millions of colors, so bright and so shiny that can dazzle one’s eyes. If you are son of a soil, and you love your country as much as I do then you will help me fight against those who are painting your land as a black corner of this world. “Spread the truth as much as you can, fight for the right

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Pakistan meaning the “The land of pure” where each day the sun rises with a new hope, with an enduring majesty as the rays of light flushing down towards the snowcapped peaks of Himalaya’s and Nanga Parbat. A land where love finds a meaning in the heart warming hospitability of people, a land where history and ancient civilization mystifies one’s heart, a land where spiritualism unveils its mystery at the shrines of Sufi Saints. This is the land I belong to, this is the land I’ll die for and this is the land that defines my identity.

The Invincible 167 Million : 6th largest Nation of the World

The invincible 167 million Pakistani’s progressing forward with  high hopes and a mission holding an unquenchable thirst to be the world leader’s soon. Despit the chaos, despite the ill spilled by the westeren media to demoralize the nation and to uproot the patriotism from the hearts and minds of people of this country, despite the foreign funded terrorists bombing hundreds of Pakistani’s each day painting the roads red with the blood of young children, women and men. Every drop of it shouts back loud ” You can never take us down, We’ll fight back till our last breath“. Reminding you this is the nation which has a 7th largest pool of scientists and Engineers in the World[1]. and the country that is ranked 9th in the world where English language is spoken and used as an official language [1].

Pakistan: World's 9th Largest English Speaking Country |  Photo by Sultan Dogar: Abbotabad Medical CollegePakistan: World’s 9th Largest English Speaking Country | Photo by Sultan Dogar: Abbotabad Medical College
Pakistan: World 7th largest Pool of Scientists and Engineer | Photo : Moin Ali Nawazish making a World Record by passing 23 A level Exams Pakistan: World 7th largest Pool of Scientists and Engineer | Photo : Moin Ali Nawazish making a World Record by passing 23 A level Exams

On May 28, 1998, Pakistan became the 7th nuclear power of the world giving a loud and clear message to the enemies that this nation is fully equipped and ready to defend it’s sovereignty. Pakistan has world 7th largest standing arm forces [1] well trained possessing state of the art technology.  Pakistan Air force (PAF) is the symbol of pride for the nation and a galaxy of highly trained professionals emerged in latest technological developments. The highly skilled PAF personals are renowned for their excellence and handling of aircraft and surely are the worst fear for the enemies.

Pakistan: 7th largest Standing Arm Force in the WorldPakistan: 7th largest Standing Arm Force in the World

Air force :Air Commodore MM ALAM has a world record of shoting down 5 Indian planes in less than a Minute

Air force :Air Commodore MM ALAM has a world record of shoting down 5 Indian planes in less than a Minute

Pakistan : The Roof Top of the World

Pakistan the land of grand mountain ranges, a land that holds 4 out of 14 most highest peaks in the world. K2 the second highest mountain in the world with all it’s grandeur symbolizing the pride and strength of the people of Pakistan.

Pakistan: K2 the 2nd highest mountain peak in the World

Pakistan: K2 the 2nd highest mountain peak in the World

Hunza is said to be a place ” Where Time Stops and Fairy Treads“, Kalash and Chitral are the natural wonders of the world where poetic verses find their inspirations from the beauty and elegance of high peak mountains, lush green fields and the fragrant breeze singing across the poplar trees. Some of the places which are not highlighted by the media but still due to their magnitude find their places on the World record books are ; Aisa’s Highest Railway Station Kan Mehtarzai [2] that is located 2240 meters above sea level near Quetta.

Pakistan: Asia's Highest Railway Station

Pakistan: Asia’s Highest Railway Station “Kan Mehtarzai “

Pakistan: Lalazar often termed as most beautiful place on earthPakistan: Lalazar often termed as most beautiful place on earth
Pakistan: Nanga Parbat 9th Highest Peak in the WorldPakistan: Nanga Parbat 9th Highest Peak in the World

What it would feel like to play a sport that is wild, challenging and manly at the top of the world surrounded by the drumbeats and the music of the reed instrument. Yes Shandur Polo tournament is played every year at World’s highest Polo ground at Shandur, Northern Pakistan.

Pakistan: Shundur Polo festival at the World's highest Polo ground

Pakistan: Shundur Polo festival at the World’s highest Polo ground

Karakoram Highway : Eighth Wonder of the World

Karakoram Highway runs through the northern areas connecting Pakistan with China’s Xingjiang province is often described as ” Eighth Wonder of the World” due to the marvel of civil engineering as it has taken 15 years to complete by the Pakistan Army Engineers in collaboration with China. It’s been labeled as ” World’s highest paved international Road” under world’s toughest terrain

Pakistan: Karakoram Highway World’s highest paved international Road

World’s Largest Deep Sea Port : Gwader

“Gwa” means Air and “Dar” means door, and the word Gawadar means ” The door of the wind” is the world’s largest deep sea port lies in southwestern Pakistani province of Balochistan. The design and construction of the port is carried out in collaboration with China and it has just started it’s operation.It’s going to emerge as a world’s biggest skyline due to it’s capacity and infrastructure of handling bulk carriers. It has been declared as a Duty Free Port and Free Economic Zone by the Pakistani government that has increased the commercial worth manifolds. It has an immense geostrategic importance as it is the entrance to the Persian Gulf and is considered to be a substitute of Dubai Port.

Gawader: World's Largest Deep Sea PortGawader: World’s Largest Deep Sea Port

Khewra Mines : Second Largest Salt Mine in the World

Khewra Salt Mine located in Khewra, Jehlum Punjab, Pakistan is the second largest Salt Mine in the world and is considered to be the oldest in the subcontinent. It was said that discovery of Salt mines were not done by Alexander or his army but by their horses as they started licking the stones when they stopped here for rest. Thousand of visitors each year visit Khewra Salt mines and get fascinated by the nature’s miracle in the heart of mountains.

Khewra Salt Mine: Second Largest Salt Mine in the WorldKhewra Salt Mine: Second Largest Salt Mine in the World

Haleji Lake : Asia’s largest Bird Sanctuary

Pakistan is a land of serene beauty , a country with diverse wild life , fresh water lakes, a 1046 km coast lines. Some of the most unique species of birds are found in northern Pakistan with awe-inspiring natural wonders like Lake Saiful Maluk, Lake Shandur, Dudipatsar Lake, kutwal lake, Zalzal lake and many more. But Haleji has it’s own significance as it is Asia’s largest waterfowl reserve. During winter thousands of birds of different species fly down to Haleji from Siberian colder areas

Pakistan: Fairy land Shandur LakePakistan: The heavenly Shandur Lake

Thar Desert : One amongst the largest deserts in the World

Thar is a arid region in the north western part of Indian subcontinent, it lies mostly in Indian state of Rajasthan but it covers eastern Sindh province and the southeastern portion of Pakistan’s Punjab province. It is amongst one of the largest deserts in the world rich multifaceted culture, heritage, traditions, folk tales, dances and music. The poetic expression of Kafi written by Sufi poets of Sindh resonates in the cold nights as the Thari musicians start singing them on sorrowing rhythmic beats. In the night the granules of the sand lit up like stars as the moonlight walks on them.

Pakistan: TharparkerPakistan: Tharparker

The land of oldest Civilization : Indus Valley and Mohenjo-Daro

Moenjodaro is the province of Sindh, Pakistan and archeology trace back it exitence 5000 years ago. It provides an earliest instance of exemplary form of town planning and community organization and  found to be as one of the oldest cities known today. It is said to be the pilgrimage of ancient ruins. The splendor of Indus Valley civilization spread over a thousand mile from the high peak snowy mountains of Kashmir to the glittering sand dunes facing the Arabian Sea. One of the oldest known civilization that flourished in the Indus river Basin embraced within its fold almost the entire country now known as Pakistan.

One of the oldest Civilization Known today One of the oldest Civilization Known today

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This is just an effort to provide a glimpse of blazzing glory of the culture, heritage, beauty within my country. In the next part of Amazing Pakistan I will try to cover the traditions, the culture and the city life that defines a spirit of being a Pakistani. All the facts given above have been checked and can be verified

Courtesy:

http://ahmedzoha.wordpress.com/2009/04/19/amazing-pakistan-a-picture-hidden-from-the-world-part-1/

Pakistan, A Superpower by 2050

September 14, 2009 16 comments

In a recent article, “Turning Challenges into Opportunities” we argued that Pakistanis are a brave, resilient, and highly intelligent people who, under a strong, determined, and patriotic leadership, can surmount any crisis. Furthermore, there are many reasons that Pakistan could become a global superpower within few decades.

Of course, in the sublime sense, the only superpower is the Almighty Allah. However, in more mundane terms, a superpower can be defined as having the ability to influence events and project power on a worldwide scale. Unfortunately, the traditional definition of a superpower represents a raw and crude psyche that only exacerbates violence, environmental decay, inequality, tyranny, and instability.

We must then redefine “superpower” to emphasize morality, international cooperation, world peace, clean and healthy environment, eradication of poverty, and promotion of equality among nations. Pakistan can take up the challenge under a two-pronged doctrine, namely possessing an effective and successful deterrence against aggression and the will and the means to enhance international cooperation, peace, and prosperity.

The defeatists, uttering doomsday scenarios, will question our proposition. These elements have always infused distress, despondency, and despair among the masses. Pakistan has survived many odds since its birth. To the dismay of its detractors, Pakistan has achieved a reasonable degree of self-sufficiency in food and other essential commodities. The poverty level has declined to 25%, while wealth distribution has been relatively much better compared to many developed and developing countries.

In the vital fields of agriculture, science and technology, industry, medicine and engineering, nuclear technology, art and architecture, as well as in sports, cultural, and the literary world, it has won a respectable place in the community of nations. The Pakistani people have courageously defied what the proponents of gloom and doom had wished. At the time of its inception in 1947, the country lacked the basic infrastructure for development, but it had the romance of youth, the diversity of its people, and a kind of mysticism for survival. The birth of Pakistan in less than ten years since the idea of nationhood was conceived in the 1940 Resolution is truly a gift of Allah to the Ummah. And its survival is a miracle.

Many serious analysts believe that with proper management and governance, Pakistan can become the sixth biggest economy within the next fifteen years and one of the most developed economies by 2050 AD. (Adjusting for unreported economic activities and comparative prices, the current GDP estimates can actually be four times higher putting Pakistan in the middle-income category.) Moreover, with an estimated population of 350 million by 2050, it will be fourth largest country in the world. Similarly, the literacy rate, 52% at present, is expected to reach 90% in next twenty years.

However, Pakistan’s biggest asset is its 100 million people below the age of 25, a highly productive age, which can play a vital role in the economic development of the country. These young people have entered the phase of their economic life cycle, whereas in many other countries most of the population is aging. Moreover, some ten million overseas Pakistanis, with estimated assets of $500 billion, constitute a huge reserve and strength as well as a source of considerable remittances and investment.

On the geo-physical scene, Pakistan has adequate natural resources. For example, of a total land area of nearly 882,000 sq.km. (ranking fifth among the developed countries while it is larger than France, Germany, Britain, Japan, and Italy), it has over 30 million hectares of land under agriculture. It has rich soils, favorable agro-climatic conditions, one of the most extensive irrigation systems in the world, and a hard-working farming community. Pakistan also has a large population of cattle, buffalo, goats and sheep, camel, and poultry while it ranks among the highest producers of meat, milk, and animal products.

In addition, the country has tremendous opportunities for developing fresh water and sea fisheries. With the introduction of improved farming techniques, the country can produce at least 60 million tons of food (wheat, rice, and maize) — enough to meet the nation’s food requirements and for exports. Pakistan can also boost its existing significant production and export of fruits and vegetables. The potential exports of food products alone to the Middleast are estimated at $200 billion per year. Development of the agriculture sector could also release surpluses of income and manpower for the industrialization of the country.

Pakistan has been bestowed with huge deposits of mineral resources and stands among the top ten nations in the world in vital mineral resources such as gold, copper, silver, gas, precious stones, and coal. In the case of energy, the country has immense hydroelectric power generation potentials as well as solar, wind, nuclear, and thermal power and can boost electricity production several times its present levels. For example, Pakistan has the world’s fourth largest coal reserves equivalent to over 600 billion barrels of oil, which can be developed for electricity generation both for domestic and export markets, coal byproducts, gasification, petrochemicals, and many other chemicals.

In terms of its geography, Pakistan enjoys a unique central and strategic setting. It is also a potential hub of trans-regional trade and commerce, and scientific and technological linkages. In addition, its over 1,000 kilometers of coastline has many suitable sites for developing the most modern ports linking all five continents. Pakistan’s proximity to the Islamic world, accessibility to the Indian Ocean and to the markets of East Asia, steadily growing economy, and principled stand in international affairs, good relations with other important neighbors, the PRC, Iran, and Turkey, and its emerging relations with the Central Asian countries and Russia should be a positive force in bringing peace, stability, and prosperity to this region.

It could also help integration of the region with the rest of the world, and promote international peace and cooperation. Pakistan could benefit from increased exports to these countries of agricultural, textile, engineering, and steel products, as well as advanced weapons, fighter aircrafts, tanks, UAVs, and ships, electronics, mobile phones, chip, and computers and software.

Pakistan’s armed forces have attained global dimensions since the end of the Cold War. It has a million strong, fiercely patriotic, battle-hardened, and highly mobile professional armed forces equipped with advanced weaponry. The country has nearly achieved self-sufficiency in production of arms and ammunition while its nuclear weapons and short and long-range missiles are awesome. For many years, Pakistan’s armed forces have played an important role in the security of its friends and under the aegis of the UNO. While they are capable of deterring any aggression, they could become a force for peace and stability for the region and the world.

Finally, Pakistan’s cultural and historical diversity and a challenging topography truly offer a delight to those seeking the most exciting adventures. The country is blessed with terrain ranging from coastal areas with attractive sea spots to the highest mountain summits. In terms of the beauty and magnificence of its landscape, Pakistan can also rightfully claim to have at least five of its mountains rising above 8,000 meters. There are many other spectacular mountain panoramas, glaciers, treacherous rives, valleys, and gullies containing some of the most dangerous cliffs in the world.

Its soil contains the ruins of the Gandhara University, unique historic places such as Mohenjodaro and Taxila, and sites in Balochistan with the oldest civilization (estimated to date back to 4000 BC) known to-date. Its colorful cities, with a beautiful mix of ancient culture and modern habitations, beautiful architecture, mosques and shrines, and cuisine are of great interest to visitors. Finally, Pakistan’s free and vibrant media can play its role in projecting the country’s true image to the world.

In conclusion, there is no doubt that Pakistan can become a superpower by 2050. China, which at the time of its independence in 1949, was behind Pakistan in many vital sectors, has made it to the superpower status. Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, with sheer intelligence and will power, created a homeland for the Muslims of the region in less than ten years since the 1940 Lahore Resolution.

The greatest strength of 170 million Pakistanis is their strong faith in religion, their glorious history, their culture, their beautiful geography, and their immense natural resources. The birth of Pakistan was the first step; for it to become a formidable force in the world is the ultimate objective of its birth. Much hope for the present and the future rests upon the steely will of the people. With “unity, faith, and discipline,” the people and the leaders of Pakistan can transform the country to its fullest capabilities and superpower status.

Daily.pk

Thar [Pakistan] coal Reserves

August 24, 2009 1 comment

If All The Oil Reserves of Saudia Arab & Iran Put Together  These Are  Approximately 375 Billion Barrels,  But  A Single Thar Coal Reserve Of Sindh is about 850 Trillion Cubic Feet,  Which is More Than Oil Reserves Of Saudia & Iran.

These reserves estimated at 850 trillion cubic feet (TCF) of gas, about 30 times higher than Pakistan ’s proven gas reserves of 28 TCF.

Dr Murtaza Mughal president of Pakistan Economy Watch in a statement said that these reserves of coal worth USD 25 trillion can not only cater the electricity requirements of the country for next 100 years but also save almost four billion dollars in staggering oil import bill.

Just 2% usage of Thar Coal Can Produce 20,000 Mega Watts of Electricity for next 40 Years, without any single Second of Load Shedding and if the whole reserves are utilized, then it could easily be imagined how much energy could be generated.

The coal power generation would cost Pakistan PKR 5.67 per unit while power generated by Independent Power Projects cost PKR 9.27.  It Requires Just Initial 420 Billion Rupees Initial Investment, Whereas Pakistan Receives annually 1220 Billion from Tax Only.

Chinese and other companies had not only carried out surveys and feasibilities of this project but also offered 100 percent investment in last 7 to 8 years but the “Petroleum Gang” always discouraged them in a very systematic way.

But Petroleum lobby is very strong in Pakistan and they are against any other means of power generation except for the imported oil. This lobby is major beneficiary of the increasing oil bill that is estimated above 15 billion dollar this year. Even GOV. is planning to Sell all these reserve to a company on a very low price.

When Pervez Musharraf was president he gave green signal to embark upon the initiation of work on exploiting energy potential of these coal reserves of Thar under a modern strategy.

Think About This, How We Can Help Our Home Land.  Spread this knowledge among all Pakistanis. Email The Link to all your friends. Spread in your facebook groups and between your friends.

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Pakistan’s Textile policy with the export target of $25 billion

August 8, 2009 Leave a comment

Pakistan’s major export is the Textile industry. The origins of the cotton in South Asia can be traced back to the American Civil war when supplies from the Southern slave Confederate states of America were disrupted. The Industral revolution had actualy started in Manchester which used cheap cotton grown by slaves in the American colonies. After the disruption of cotton supplies from Amerca, the British were looking for other areas to grow the crop for thir factories. The Punjab was scouted as a region, and cotton seeds were introduced.

According to Pak Kissan 85% of the Cotton in Pakistan is grwon in the Punjab, and 15% is grown in Sindh, mostly along the Indus river. The Cotton in planted in the summer months of June and July and harvested in the Fall and winter months of october, November and December.  Cotton became a mainstay of agriculture in the Punjab (East and West). In 1947, Paksitan had one dilapidated Cotton Mill. This was the only factory in the country. There were no other factories in Paksitan in 1947. Lord Radcliffs boundary Commission ensured that all means of produciton would fall across the Radcliff line.

From meagre beginings, the Paksitani Textile industry has grown into a major power on the international scene. During the last decade exports surpassed all previous records. The Textile industry has fallen into a hole in the past two years. The Textile enterpreneurs are deligent, and very innovative. They produce the best shirts and liene in the world. The Reconstruction Opportunity Zones (ROZ) and easier access to the EU will help them grow.

Pakistan’s textile industry is a major contributor to the national economy in terms of exports and employment. Pakistan holds the distinction of being the world’s 4th largest producer of cotton as well as being the 3rd largest consumer of the same. In the period July 2007 – June 2008, textile exports were US$ 10.62 Billion and accounted for 55% of the total exports…Pakistan has 13% of the market share South Asian Investor

The Textile industy has spent some money on investment but it needs to do more.

The Textile Industry in Pakistan Invested US$6.4 Billion During the Period 1999-2007. See the Outlook for Its Textile and Clothing Exports Today….2006-07 (July-June) was the best year for Pakistan’s textile and clothing industry when the industry managed to export US$ 10.8 billion with the support
of friendly government policies, international propitious environment, and lower
cotton prices.

The shift in government policies, increases in input costs, and the global
recession have changed the scenario for textile exports from Pakistan. Now the
textile industry in the country is passing through a very critical period with
number of closures and shutdowns.
Reutres

The $25 Billion target is not only achievable, if the international community supports it, Pakistan can exceed those targets.

ISLAMABAD – First-ever textile policy with the export target of $25 billion for next three years would be announced in the second or third week of the ongoing month (August), sources told TheNation on Thursday.

The textile policy has been designed to enhance the exports of textile sector to $25b in next three years. The policy would focus on enhancing domestic capabilities for use of resources through skills development, technology up-gradation and provision of infrastructure facilities sources added.

In the upcoming policy, steps would be taken to promote new investment, diversification of exports mix; to encourage the establishment of domestic and international brand; rationalization of tariff the sources informed.

The textile sector, which contributes 54pc to total exports and accounts for 42pc of total labour force, is trying to come out of serious national and int’l challenges. Export of textile sector dropped from $10.6b to $9.6b in 2008-9 due to high rate of interest energy crises, and poor law and order situation in the country.

Sources further informed that in order to address the issues of export-oriented industry of the country, government would announce textile fund, which would be a part of Rs 40 billion export investment support fund that was proposed in the federal budget 2009-10.

In the export support fund, 65 to 70 per cent would be spent on the textile and clothing industry with a view to move the sector towards consolidation, sources said, adding that textile fund would provide capital to the industrialists and businessmen for overcoming the scarcity of financial resources.

According to sources, the spinning and weaving sector would get its share from the Export Investment Support Fund, worth Rs. 40b allocated in the Federal Budget 2009-10. The Nation

The new Textile policy addresses some of the issues faced by the textile industry.

While Pakistan clearly needs to diversify and increase higher-value-added exports such as sophisticated machinery and high technology products and services, it is essential for it to maintain and enhance the current export levels of textiles, leather and other products for which there is an established export market. The export-oriented industries should get preferential treatment in getting access to necessary inputs of raw materials, financing and energy by government policies. Energy and communications infrastructure, in particular, need much greater focus to enable Pakistani exporters to continue to earn the much-needed hard currency. South Asian Investor

The Government is pretty optimistic about the projected growth.

Suleman Ghani, federal secretary, ministry of commerce, when contacted, sounded confident. ‘I find targets realistic. We have suggested solutions for three most frequently mentioned problems perceived to be impacting on trade. They are: energy deficit, high cost of credit and alarming security situation leading to shyness of trade partners to strike deals with Pakistani suppliers because of high risk factors,’ he said.

‘For energy we have introduced the concept of compulsory contractual agreement between industrial clusters and energy distribution companies to ensure uninterrupted supply of power. To rationalise the cost of credit and make it predictable, a new concept of hedge fund has been incorporated in the policy to cushion the shock of sudden change in credit cost over a specified period. To minimise risk of trade in the current environment, the government has introduced insurance cover for overseas trade partners,’ the commerce secretary told Dawn over telephone from Islamabad. Dawn

There are many dtractors who say the government has not addressed the issues of tarrifs, power shortages, competition from Chinese and other imports and the problem of high interest rates.

Most businessmen contacted for their comments, however, did not share the government’s optimism over the policy.

They termed the trade policy a non-starter from the word ‘go,’ as it fails to address problems threatening the very survival of the narrow industrial base. What, they said, disturbed them most, was the government’s attitude towards issues stifling the growth of the manufacturing sector.

The economic policy, they felt, was not focused on economic revival. It was oriented towards generation of resources from both internal and external sources. Further, the monies so raised at a huge cost to the economy, they feared, might not be put to productive use. In short, the wary private sector sees the economic environment not congenial for business activity.

Some pro-government experts defended the policy. ‘Give credit where it is due. The policy has been well received by the business community. Only textile lobby is unhappy but the government has indicated that it would announce textile policy shortly. I find pursuance of liberalisation policy highly encouraging,’ says an economist.

It is true that many countries who preached non-interference in the market, doled out hefty rescue packages as soon as their own industry came under pressure because of global financial crisis. The protectionism was the next logical direction that rich free trade champion nations might turn to.

Like many other developing countries, Pakistan has put up with a heavy price for opening up its markets at an early stage. But its industry has now sort of adjusted to liberal tariff environment. Besides, liberalisation did introduce more competition and forced locals to focus on modernisation in management and processes.

People benefited from increasing depth in local consumer market. Today, the range of variety in consumer items has increased to a level, where households from lowest to upper most income groups, have choice within their own budgets. The competition has also brought prices down in certain categories of goods and services.

These must be factors that helped in warding off temptation to revert to protective tariff regime in the current trade policy.

‘Who says the world is fair? US announced a bailout package of over $700 billion for economic revival. Pakistan, a country paying through its nose, because of follies of others, has been driven to wall by the IMF for subsidising power to make it affordable for its teeming millions,’ said a businessman from Punjab critical of the government for not extending enough support to industry.

‘Pakistan seems to be heading towards deeper economic crisis which may lead it to a widespread social unrest and culminate in a political crisis. The prospects of improving the productive capacity in the short-run look dismal. The trade policy looks irrelevant under the circumstances,’ said another leading industrial tycoon.

‘Everyone seems looking inwards. We still opt to focus outwards amidst shrinking global demand and the very challenging trade environment. Would it not be better to focus on domestic trade with incentive for potential sectors to achieve economies of scales? Why not suggest ways to perk up local demand to the benefit of local industry?’ asked a business leader with interest in diversified fields.

‘Why there is no mention of the Afghan transit trade in the policy that has developed into a major bane for the local trade and industry? A cursory look at the profile of goods imported under the scheme indicates massive abuse of the facility. It is seriously hurting interests of local industry and legal trade,’ Chaudhry Mohammad Saeed, an ex-president Federation of Pakistan Chamber of Commerce and Industry commented. Sultan Chawla, the current FCCI head was not available as he was visiting Tajikistan with an official delegation.

For sustainable development and achieving millennium development goals the government needs to be vigilant and discreet utilising all available options to expand economic activity by restoring confidence of the industrial community.

Courtesy: Dawn – RupeeNews

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