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Cow (India) Desire of Hitting Bull (China)

By:  Daily.pk

The land of yellow soil China is the world largest country with the area of 3705387 square kilo meters. Its population is over 1.2 billion. However, since 1949 Chinese military top brass with the support of her nation has made their country strong enough to meet any aggression with iron hands. After the collapse of Soviet Union, china emerged as second super power. The calculated opinion of the world economists has declared China as emerging global economic power.

China has dispute on shared 3500 Kilo meter border with India. The relations between two states remained tense since inception of China. Apart from other conflicts, territorial dispute is the major one, which led into Sino-Indo War in 1962. In this war New Delhi faced a great set back in the shape of her armed forces defeat. After fighting a brief border war, the demarcation of the 3500km border between China and India remains unsolved.  China came out in a better position after the confrontation, due in part to superior forces and supply lines.

Now just compare India with her neighbouring countries. She has border disputes with China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. On the other hand China has borders with 14 countries and has not dispute with them except India. In particular, Arunachal Pradesh province in northeastern India has continued to be a bone of significant contention with increased oratory from both sides over the past few areas.

It is worth reading that after almost 47 years or so India and China have moved their forces because of continuous increase in tension on the border. According to Indian today and Indian Express  Indian  Army brought armoured vehicles to the North Sikkim plateau in the late 1980s, the small detachment has now been replaced by the heavier and more powerful T-72 Main Battle Tanks and modern BMP troop carriers. As per newspapers, the mobilisation took place after repeated Chinese transgressions last year in the Finger Area; a one kilometer stretch of land in the northern tip of Sikkim that overlooks a valley called the Sora Funnel and is considered a strong defensive position. The question arises why India once again went for mobilization of forces after so many years. Probable answer could be that after the post cold war era India went close to USA because of the reasons (1) capturing one of the largest market (2) assisting Americans in containing china (3) placing watch dog in Asia to look after her interests (4) prolonging her stay in the region for getting permanent hold over CAR’s states (5) desire of becoming future global power.

On June 9, the Chinese Global Times published an editorial entitled “India’s Unwise Military Moves,” which denounced India’s troop deployment.  A thinly veiled warning was explicit within the article: “India’s current course can only lead to a rivalry between the two countries.  India needs to consider whether or not it can afford the consequences of a potential confrontation with China.”  An affiliate of the People’s Daily published a Chinese language article on June 12 which translates to “India is a paper tiger and its use of use will be trounced, say experts.”  It is a provocative article, even referring to India as a paper tiger is a throwback to the language of Mao. The confrontation between India would be amount to Cow hitting the Bull.

Therefore it is evident that India has the desire of moving forward to complete her hegemonic desire of expansion through any means. To complete her aim she even never let her old (Soviet Union) and present (USA) masters to know about covert motives of becoming future global power. In this context Indian leadership always acquired requisite weaponry to get dominance over strategically significant Indian Ocean. It is interesting to know that   Indian Ocean is the 3rd largest ocean. 45 states are encircling resources enriched ocean. Almost 30000, ships are annually passing through these routes. The important sea routes are passing through Indian Ocean region. India believes that China and Pakistan are the only encumbrance in her hegemonic design of influencing region and becoming future global power.

Anyhow to complete her design, India has planned to spend US$150 billion over the next 5 years as well as a market open to foreign participation and collaboration, India cannot be ignored. The current defence spending expected to top US$34 billion in 2010. She possess  second largest air force in the Asia Pacific region along with substantial naval, coastal and army aviation interests, all of which are planning for substantial modernization, acquisition of new assets and upgrading of existing capabilities in line with India’s rapid economic growth.

As the aerospace defence industry’s leading flagship conference in the region, the 3rd annual Air Power India 2009 international conference offers unrivalled market insights, business leads and networking opportunities. Indian has explored India’s air power strategies, technologies and solution lies in-depth. Retired Brig. Gurmeet Kanwal, director of Center for Land Air Warfare Studies (CLAWS), said that China’s policy is to confine India to the backwater of the Bay of Bengal to the Arabian Sea, as it no more considers the Indian Ocean Region as Indian domain. With this perception, China could choke commerce through IOR. To say the least this is a hasty conclusion, and is in line with Indian thinking that People Republic of China is a dangerous enemy. Speaking on “India’s response to security challenges from China in Indian Ocean Region,” he said, “With the Chinese encirclement strategy, commerce through the Indian Ocean Region could be easily choked by way of disruptions of trade routes through sea. Defense of far-flung island territories and delineation of maritime boundaries are some of the maritime challenges for India, Brigadier Gurmeet Kanwal reiterated. India is busy developing blue water navy, with two aircraft-carriers, twenty submarines, 25 warships and hundreds of missile boats to defeat the Chinese Navy.

On July 27, 2009 India has also launched its first indigenously made nuclear powered submarine ‘INS-Arihant’ (Destroyer of the enemy). Thus, she joined an exclusive club of US, Russia, China, France and the UK with the launch. The 6000-tonne submarine will undergo sea trials for two years before being commissioned for full service.

In 2004, Russia already built three Krivak class frigates – INS Talwar, INS Trishul and INS Tabar – for India. These frigates were armed with eight BrahMos supersonic anti-ship cruise missile systems and not the Club-N/3M54TE missile system, which was installed on previous frigates. The Krivak class frigate has deadweight of 4,000 metric tons and a speed of 30 knots, and is capable of accomplishing a wide range of maritime missions, primarily hunting down and destroying large surface ships and submarines. India is to receive three Russian Krivak IV Class Frigates by 2012.

On July 28, 2009 Pakistan Foreign Office has said that such a step would destabilise the region and would have a detrimental effect on regional peace. He further added that continued induction of new lethal weapon systems by India is detrimental to regional peace and stability. The induction of nuclear submarine by India has really started the arms race in the region. Pakistan, China’s worries in this connection are very genuine. China is also watching the ambitious desire of New Delhi with regard to nuclear expansion. Beijing has also started building necessary naval armament to counter Indian design of confining China. In short induction of nuclear Submarine would be taken as Indian nuclear sea pollution.

Basit said Pakistan would take all measures to ensure strategic balance in the region. The induction of nuclear submarine is really upset the balance of power in the region. India has fully supported by US and Russia against China. Russian leadership has forgotten that India who always been patted by her prior to its disintegration has joined American block. The Indian race of naval expansion and build up is to threaten, blocking and stifle Pakistani sea lanes, encirclement of China and dominant Indian Ocean.  India has become a big threat in general to the region and particularly to Pakistan’s security and survival. On the other hand US and its Western allies always posed that Pakistan is more prone to internal threat rather than external. US and India knows that Pakistan are real time tested friends of the region and cannot move away from each other.  Indian is common enemy and always planned to create insurgency in Pakistan and China.  Raw with the help of her master agency CIA staged a plot of sabotaging Beijing peace through Dalai Lama movement. In short, world community should ask India to abide by the international laws and resolve territorial disputes for permanent regional peace bilaterally. Zaheerul Hassan

  1. neel123
    August 8, 2009 at 11:37 pm

    In the event India pushed too far by China, there is a clear risk of Beijing, Shanghai, Honkong, and atleast a dozen Chinese Industrial zones vapourize in a matter of hours.

    China’s new found prosperity and confidence might came to a naught.

    Would the Bull risk taking on the dangerous Cow, which may come at an unacceptable cost ?

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